Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
It could, but through a complicated process. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
desist from drug use
be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
Going through with the programme is essential.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
Therapeutically helped detoxification is just the primary phase of treatment.
Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
Relapse Prevention Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Residential treatment setting samples:
Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.